Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) led innovative and holistic approaches in medicine, various therapies, philosophy, religious renewal, Waldorf education, education for special needs, threefold economics, biodynamic agriculture, Goethean science, architecture, and the arts of drama, speech, and eurythmy. He wrote Christianity as mystical fact and the mysteries of antiquities. Some say that Steiner’s approach to the Christianity has been continued by Joseph Campbell.
One of Campbell’s books The Hero with a Thousand Faces introduced the concept of the hero’s journey to popular thinking and began to popularize the idea of comparative mythology —the study of the human impulse to create stories and images that draw on universal, eternal themes.
George Lucas was the first Hollywood filmmaker to credit Campbell’s influence. Lucas stated the first Star Wars film was shaped, in part, by ideas described in The Hero with a Thousand Faces and other works of Campbell’s. (source)
Christopher Vogler, a Hollywood screenwriter, created a seven-page company memo based on Campbell’s work, A Practical Guide to The Hero with a Thousand Faces, which led to the development of Disney‘s 1994 film The Lion King.
The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure For Writers is a popular screenwriting textbook by writer Christopher Vogler, focusing on the theory that most stories can be boiled down to a series of narrative structures and character archetypes, described through mythological allegory. (source)
Many filmmakers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have acknowledged the influence of Campbell’s work on their own craft. Among films that many viewers have recognized as closely following the pattern of the monomyth are The Matrix series, the Batman series and the Indiana Jones series.
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