Writers Journey to create successful films like Star Wars

Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) led innovative and holistic approaches in medicine, various therapies, philosophy, religious renewal, Waldorf education, education for special needs, threefold economics, biodynamic agriculture, Goethean science, architecture, and the arts of drama, speech, and eurythmy. He wrote Christianity as mystical fact and the mysteries of antiquitiesSome say that Steiner’s approach to the Christianity has been continued by Joseph Campbell.

One of Campbell’s books The Hero with a Thousand Faces introduced the concept of the hero’s journey to popular thinking and began to popularize the idea of comparative mythology —the study of the human impulse to create stories and images that draw on universal, eternal themes.

George Lucas was the first Hollywood filmmaker to credit Campbell’s influence. Lucas stated the first Star Wars film was shaped, in part, by ideas described in The Hero with a Thousand Faces and other works of Campbell’s.  (source)

Christopher Vogler, a Hollywood screenwriter, created a seven-page company memo based on Campbell’s work, A Practical Guide to The Hero with a Thousand Faces, which led to the development of Disney‘s 1994 film The Lion King.

The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure For Writers is a popular screenwriting textbook by writer Christopher Vogler, focusing on the theory that most stories can be boiled down to a series of narrative structures and character archetypes, described through mythological allegory. (source)

Many filmmakers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have acknowledged the influence of Campbell’s work on their own craft. Among films that many viewers have recognized as closely following the pattern of the monomyth are The Matrix series, the Batman series and the Indiana Jones series.

photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/martyn/177232851

Other sources

  • http://www.thewritersjourney.com/hero’s_journey.htm

His-story rewrote the golden female age as the stone age

Historians classify 3 ages of human civilization:

  • stone age
  • bronze age
  • iron age

The stone age is further divided into:

  • Paleolithic
  • Mesolithic
  • Neolithic

These classifications were created to help describe human behaviour including; social organization, food sources exploited, adaptation to climate, adoption of agriculture, cooking, settlement and religion. Australia remained in the Stone Age until European contact in the 17th century. (source)

Reading through current books, articles and texts on prehistoric times, including archaeology, incredibly there is not even a specific category listed in the index on “women.” (source)

Many modern scholars are now attributing to women inventions that previously were credited to men. Women were the earliest inventors of tools. Women used bones and stones, which have been found, but lengths of wood they used to dig up roots have not survived except for the ones that were pointed and fire-hardened. There was no ownership of women and no demands on women’s sexual exclusivity. Men in hunting and gathering societies did not command or exploit women’s labor.

The ‘stone-age’ communities such as Hacilar circa 5800 B.C. people lived in two-storey houses, often thirty feet in length, arranged about a central courtyard, with ovens, kitchens, hearths upstairs and down, verandas overlooking the courtyard and numerous other ‘civilized’ features. Furthermore, these societies were not separate developments, but as the great Indologist, Ananda Coomaraswamy, points out, the fruits of “a common cultural inheritance throughout an area extending from Mesopotamia to Egypt and the Ganges to the Mediterranean” based upon “the worship of the Great Mother”.

Archaeologists of Matrifocal pre-Minoan Crete are also struck by the marked absence of signs of warfare, in sharp contradistinction to all comparable societies in which the male image predominated. Also striking is the fact that when, at a later period, male images begin to dominate, fortifications and weapons of death and warfare appear at the same time.

Until about 3500 BCE, matriarchal goddesses cultures were still widespread from the Indus valley in India to old Europe.

city-catal-huyuk

With the coming of the Bronze Age, the old universal oneness was gradually being replaced by patriarchal power games. (source)

There was a time before male dominance and the gods of war, which constitutes the very basis of our civilization and the vast majority of our history. (source)

Two thousand years ago, we lived in a world of Gods and Goddesses. Today, we live in a world solely of Gods. Women in most cultures have been stripped of their spiritual power (Dan Brown)

In all myth throughout the world, the original Creator is feminine. It is only with the coming of a masculine-dominated (patriarchal) social system that She is replaced by a male god. Sometimes as in the case of Tiamat She is said to have been conquered or killed by the new god. Sometimes the patriarchy boldly changed the sex of the Deity without changing the name—as with Ea in Syria, Shiva in India or Atea in Polynesia. Sometimes the goddess was slowly edged out and the god edged in for example Thoth becoming the primary figure with the similar responsibilities as Ma’at.

It is remarkable that the many varied and highly expert author-archaeologists in the excellent series Ancient People and Places express their wonder at the evidence they have found that women were once pre-eminent in each of their areas of research, from the Near East to Ireland. Each writes as if this ancient dominance of women were unique and peculiar to his archaeological province. Yet taken all together these archaeological finds prove that feminine pre-eminence was a universal, and not a localised, phenomenon. Elizabeth Gould Davis (source)

William Bond calls what we now call the Stone Age or the Neolithic Age as the Golden Age, because of the lack of fortifications nor any weapons of war, nor any graves with people showing signs of violence. Also the whole process of birth from the sex act to breast feeding was celebrated as something divine, holy and sacred rather than becoming taboo or being seen as unclean, sinful and dirty.(source)

Sources

  • http://www.mother-god.com/matriarchy.html
  • http://web.clark.edu/afisher/HIST251/prehistory%202.pdf
  • https://www.amazon.ca/History-Angels-Histories-Bartlett-2011-11-03/dp/B01K92QXMW/ref=as_li_ss_tl
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother_goddess
  • http://www.womanthouartgod.com/didwomanruletheworld.php

Ma’at’s equivalent Thoth

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thoth
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maat
  • http://www.crystalinks.com/thoth.html
  • http://www.societasviaromana.net/Collegium_Religionis/thothmaa.php
  • http://binsancientegypt.weebly.com/men-vs-women-roles.html

Personal daimons of ancient egypt, new-age spirits of today?

Researching topics of Ancient Egypt I came across reference to daimons. As a once computer geek, I’ve definitely understood what daemons are in computer lingo. Turns out all words share a similar etymology. The word demon is derived from the Greek daimôn. What is interesting to discover though the current meaning of demon is quite different than the original meaning.

In Hermetic texts and in Christian writers like Origen, as well as in Jewish Christian texts like the Testament of Solomon, gods and daimons are both featured. For example, in Contra Celsum the decans (whose origin, Celsus says, are Egyptian) are explicitly called daimons.

The Ancient Egyptians say that the body of man has been put under the charge of thirty-six daimons, or ethereal gods of some sort, who divide it between them, that being the number of parts into which it is divided. Each daimon is in charge of a different part. By invoking these names, they heal the appropriate part of the body (source).

Daimons are described as partially ‘from aether’. These daimons are not exactly material, nor are they ‘moved by soul’ but are called ‘energies of these thirty-six gods’

The idea of a personal daimon appears in various contexts, and is expected to guide the soul through its incarnated life. For Valens his personal daimon helps him fulfill his destiny through providence. (source)

Plotinus viewed daimons as ‘bodies of air or fire’; he also believed they spoke, had magical powers and that ‘daimons and gods are beautiful’. He equated daimons with human beings who were actively ‘daimonic’ in their lives; in other words, with those people who could communicate or converse with the gods; such as a shaman, mystic, poet, writer, philosopher.

Quote from an Egyptian priest to Plotinus in Porphyryr’s biography

Blessed are you, because a god is by you as your daimon and not some low class daimon. (source)

According to Er, the soul chooses the life it wishes to lead. With the help of the Fates, the soul is allotted a daimon to guide it through life. This personal daimon is our inner voice, our guardian angel, our sense of vocation, the ‘divine sense’ within, which drives us on, the blueprint of ourselves which we are born into.

What are now referred to as Gods and Goddesses might have been considered greater daimons including; Hecate, Athene, Hephaestus. Where the talents of man are said to reside among the daimons, who are said to have given them to men. (source)

I find it peculiar the close relationship between what Ancient Egyptians referred to as daimons and how they now are considered to be angels and divine spirits.

Other sources

  • http://www.lightplanet.com/response/BofAbraham/GeeEnsign1992/abraham_egyptian.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daemon_(classical_mythology)
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daimonic
  • http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/39266/what-is-the-difference-between-daemon-and-demon-in-a-religious-context
  • http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/24507
  • http://daemonpage.com/socrates-daimon.php
  • http://ancestorsandarchetypes.weebly.com/daimon.html
  • http://www.alchemylab.com/daimon.htm
  • https://books.google.ca/books?id=3dLVyyDE-vQC
  • http://jungiancenter.org/in-the-grip-of-the-daimon/

Tracing the roots of Hermetic magic

An explosion of study in the Western world during the Renaissance in both the chemical arena and alchemical arena was likely precipitated by the Kybalion and other teachings of Hermes Trismegistus. These teachings are called Hermetics and before the Kybalion in 1908 were only taught verbally or in very cryptic writings. The Hermetica is a collection of papyri from the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D. The collection are mostly presented as dialogues discussing the diving, the cosmos, mind and nature. Some touch upon alchemy, astrology and related concepts. The extant Egyptian-Greek texts dwell upon the oneness and goodness of God, urge purification of the soul, and defend pagan religious practices, such as the veneration of images. Their concerns are practical in nature, their end is a spiritual rebirth through the enlightenment of the mind. (source)

All esoteric traditions embedded in basic teachings of every race may be traced back to Hermes, even the ancient teachings of India. (source)

The extant Egyptian-Greek texts dwell upon the oneness and goodness of God, urge purification of the soul, and defend pagan religious practices, such as the veneration of images. Their concerns are practical in nature, their end is a spiritual rebirth through the enlightenment of the mind.

Isaac Newton placed great faith in the concept of an unadulterated, pure, ancient doctrine, which he studied vigorously to aid his understanding of the physical world. (source)

I find it fascinating to trace back that Hermes Trismegistus is said to be a representation of the ancient Egyptian God Thoth. (source

Doreen Virtue presents a clearly edited version ofThe Kybalion, written in understandable and modern language.

You have natural magical abilities that can elevate your life to a whole new level, as well as heal and help your loved ones and clients. Doreen Virtue gives comments and practical suggestions based upon her own success in using Hermetic teachings for healing and manifestation. With Divine Magic, you can master your moods, release negativity, manifest new levels of abundance, and attract wonderful opportunities in all areas of your life.

Skimming the principles listed in the Kybalion, it seems that a lot of self-help books get into the details listed.

  • Principle of mentalism: the all is mind; the universe is mental.
  • Principle of correspondence: as above, so below; as below, so above.
  • Principle of vibration: everything moves, vibrates, and circles. To change one’s mental state is to change vibration.
  • Principle of polarity: everything is dual, everything has two poles, and everything has its opposite.
  • Principle of rhythm: there is rhythm between every pair of poles
  • Principle of cause and effect: there is a cause for every effect, and an effect for every cause. There is no such thing as chance.
  • Principle of gender: gender is manifested as the Masculine and Feminine principles, and manifests itself on all planes.
  • (source)

As local day Africans are rediscovering that ancient Egyptians look more like them than Caucasians, there is also a reclamation of the 7 principles of the Kybalion maybe more accurately referred to as the Seven principles of Maat.

Other sources

  • http://www.hermetics.org/library/Library_Hermetic.html
  • http://tikaboo.com/library/Initiation%20Into%20Hermetic.pdf
  • http://www.pdfarchive.info/pdf/F/Fl/Flowers_Stephen_Edred_-_Hermetic_magic.pdf
  • https://exemplore.com/misc/The-Seven-Hermetic-Principles
  • http://spiritofmaat.com/july08/mentalism.html
  • http://www.mind-your-reality.com/seven_universal_laws.html
  • https://marygreer.wordpress.com/2009/10/08/source-of-the-kybalion-in-anna-kingsford%E2%80%99s-hermetic-system/
  • http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-mysterious-kybalion
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermeticism
  • Science of Being in twenty seven lessons
  • Seven principles of Ma’at

 

Ma’at the Goddess that represents truth, law, order and harmony

Ma’at represents law, order and love. In the kemetic philosophical view law was not about force and punishment. Instead it is the natural outcome of love which is, in the words of Ra Un Nefer Amen , the expression of our oneness with each other and with God. (source)

For the beginner, it is a little difficult as I sift through all the material to digest who or what Ma’at is. In some texts it is clear that she is a Ancient Egyptian Goddess. In other texts she is hardly mentioned, and only referred to as a concept. I believe her omnipresence throughout ancient Egyptian life confounded some western anthropologists, who diminished her role as a Goddess. Most books on Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses in new-age bookstores don’t even list her. However, it is clear that as all Gods are associated with concepts, and looking at the omnipresence of Ma’at in Ancient Egyptian lives to realize her importance as an Ancient Egyptian Goddess. Even though many consider her to “merely be a concept”

  • Ma’at was thought to come into existence at the moment of creation, having no creator and made the order of the entire universe from the pandemonium.(source)
  • The Goddess Ma’at was most cherished by the rulers of ancient Egypt, and most of them were referred to as “Beloved of Ma’at.” Pharaohs would carry an effigy of Ma’at seated as a sign that he represented her regime. (source)
  • Every pharaoh agreed to uphold the laws of order known as ma’at. (source)
  • Ma’at is seen as the substance on which gods live, they nourish themselves with Ma’at. Order and justice are the responsibilities of the gods and they can perform them only when they are “full” of Ma’at. (source)
  • Ancient egyptian sages and scribes clearly saw themselves as officials serving Ma’at
  • The amulet of Ma’at is worn around the neck by high officials
  • The concept of Ma’at unites all of life in Egypt. Ma’at is at the core of religious, political, and social values. Because it is the center of ritual activity, it is necessary for navigating the afterlife.
  • Because it is the center of ethics, its performance and internationalization in the heart of the individual are weighed at the final judgment against the cosmic standard, which is Ma’at herself.
  • Thus achieving Ma’at is the goal of life and is key to eternal blessing in the afterlife
  • Maat was also personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation. (source)

It appears that over time Ma’at was represented by Thoth:

“In the later history of ancient Egypt, Thoth became heavily associated with the arbitration of godly disputes, the arts of magic, the system of writing, the development of science,and the judgment of the dead.”[wikipedia]

Later, as a goddess in other traditions of the Egyptian pantheon, where most goddesses were paired with a male aspect, her masculine counterpart was Thoth, as their attributes are similar.[wikipedia]

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Other sources

  • Assatashakur.org
  • http://www.ashtarontheroad.com/maattruthlove.htm
  • http://www.crystalinks.com/maat.html
  • http://www.thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/maat.html#.V6CM3JMrL-Y
  • http://www.hermes3.net/thoth2.htm

 

Kemet the root of chemistry and alchemy

Both ‘chemical’ and ‘hermetic’ are linked to alchemy. The word ALCHEMY comes via Old French and medieval Latin from Arabic ‘alkimiya,’ ‘al,’ the +‘kimiya,’ which comes from the Greek ‘khemia’ or ‘khemeia’ meaning ‘the art of transmuting metals.’ In early use ‘alchemy’ referred to the chemistry of the Middle ages and 16th century. (source)

“Kemet” was the native Egyptian name for Egypt. It was the word for “black” and significantly, the word used to distinguish the fertile Nile lands from the red desert soils. Some think that the Greeks then called the Egyptian (“black”) art “Chêmia,” to mean “the Egyptian art” (“χημεία”). The earliest known use of the word “khemeia” was in a decree issued by the Roman Emperor Diocletian (c. 300), to burn all such Egyptian books. (source)

“Khem” alludes to the black soil of the Nile delta. Esoterically the word refers to the primordial or First Matter (the Khem). Alchemy is the Great Work of nature that perfects this chaotic matter, whether it be expressed as the metals, the cosmos, or the very substance of our souls. (source)

Not the Qabalah (Jewish or Christian), but the Ancient Egyptian Mystery Tradition (or Kemetism) is the backbone of the Western Tradition of Alchemy. (source)

Other links

  • http://rosaceastone.blogspot.ca/2005/07/alchemical-fire.html
  • http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/alchemy
  • http://www.sacred-texts.com/eso/sta/sta37.htm
  • http://www.shamanicjourneys.com/articles/Alchemy%20Egypt%20and%20Alchemical%20Healing.php
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alchemy

Ancient Egyptians were black

This should not ever even have been a question. That Egyptians might once have been claimed to be Caucasians seems nonsensical. Kemet is the word Ancient Egyptians referred to themselves.

Western historians, however, say that the word “Kemet” refers to the color of the soil of the land rather than its people. But, the word “Kemet” is actually an ethnic term being a derivative of the word “Khem” (Cham or Ham) which means “burnt” or “black.” (source)

Of course our definition of black is different compared to Ancient times for example, black was likely not considered to be related to Africa at that point in time.

Egypt is a word meaning “Black.” (source)

Egyptologist Cheikh Anta Diop suffered a lot of criticism and academic rejection for his theories which are now mostly proven true, tests that show ancient Egyptians were black include:

  • Evidence from Physical Anthropology
  • Melanin Dosage Test
  • Osteological Evidence
  • Evidence From Blood Types
  • The Egyptians as They Saw Themselves
  • Divine Epithets
  • Evidence From the Bible
  • Cultural unity of Egypt With The Rest of Africa
  • Linguistic Unity With Southern and Western Africa
  • Testimony of Classical Greek and Roman Authors

Revisionist history can be so fascinating to unravel.

It is interesting to compare the Ancient Egyptians to the current Arabic Egyptians of today.

modern-egyptians

Other sources

  • https://youtu.be/Dz-94Tiy660?t=15m18s

Role of women in ancient Egyptian society

Ancient Egypt is generally recognized as having a society that respected women very favourably especially when compared to their neighbours in that era, or even compared to some societies in the modern era.

However, it appears that the role of women were more favourable in the earlier dynasties leading up to the age of pyramid building. Afterwards as the civil administration and infighting between nobles grew, women’s roles lessened.

Some list men and women’s professions as such: (source)

Ancient Egyptian jobs for men

  • bakers
  • scribes
  • priests
  • nobelmen
  • soldiers
  • farmers
  •  merchants

Ancient Egyptian jobs for women are listed as:

  • weavers
  • musicians
  • domestic helpers

However some sources seem to forget that women were the main bakers and beer makers. Beer was of central importance to ancient Egyptian society. Wages were often paid in beer. (source)

Egyptian-beer-bread-making
Bread- and beer-making (made of fermented bread) were usually women’s tasks. Twelfth dynasty of Egypt, 2050-1800 BCE.

Some view these duties as proof that women were domesticated and thus had an inferior position in society (source) it may be our current societal bias that views people that stay at home as less important in the society. Considering that the women were basically the banks of ancient Egypt, their roles may not have been seen as inferior as we think.

Women played an essential role at the highest levels (source). Another reason that current scholars may have misinterpreted the role of women in Ancient Egypt, was the negative connotation of women in literature. However, as wikipedia points out, the same treatment applied to the pharoah. Sometimes we use literature of the day to mock those in power.

Also, in many of ancient Egypt’s artistic depictions, a woman can be seen supporting or clasping their husband, maybe even protecting them.

Ancient Egyptian women were not subservient to men in marriage or divorce. They were free to choose the men they married and they could also divorce their husbands. Egyptian women enjoyed the same economic rights as men and therefore were able to make economic decisions on their own. Property that a married woman acquired on her own was hers to dispose of as she pleased. (source)

By contrast ancient Greek women required a designated male, to represent or stand for her in all legal contracts and proceedings.

Other sources

  • http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/women.htm
  • http://www.ancientnile.co.uk/occupations.php
  • http://www.womenintheancientworld.com/women_in_ancient_egypt.htm
  • http://en.paperblog.com/ancient-egyptian-women-628809/
  • http://classroom.synonym.com/life-girls-ancient-egypt-11514.html
  • https://www.library.cornell.edu/colldev/mideast/womneg.htm
  • http://binsancientegypt.weebly.com/men-vs-women-roles.html
  • http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/people/gender.htm
  • http://www.thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/women_egypt.html